In ancient Rome, the people called Rome the eternal city, because the Roman people thought that no matter what happened to the rest of the world, Rome would live on forever. In some ways, ancient Rome does live on in the form of historic Rome attractions.
The Colosseum once stood as one of the most impressive buildings of the Roman Empire. Today, even the ruins of this once monumental structure strike an imposing reminder of Rome’s past.
Roman emperors used the Colosseum to entertain their public with games as a way to increase the ruler’s popularity. Often the entertainment would start with a display of exotic animals which escalated into a fight to the death between the animals and gladiators.
Usually these gladiators were slaves, prisoners of war, or condemned criminals. In AD 847, an earthquake brought down the southern side of the Colosseum, and parts of the building were re-used in the building of other monuments including St. Peter’s Basilica.
The Trevi fountain is found at the historic center of Rome. It is supplied with water from the Aqua Virgo, an ancient aqueduct constructed in 19 BC! This fountain is a work of art that features Neptune, the “god of the sea.”
Neptune is riding in a shell-shaped chariot drawn by horses. Legend has it that if you turn your back to the fountain and throw a coin over your shoulder into the fountain, you will return to Rome.
The Pantheon is an impressive site to visit with its large marble columns, huge bronze door, and thick brick walls. It is more than 43 meters in height, and for almost 1,500 years had the largest dome in the world.
At the center of this dome is an opening which was the only source of light. The Pantheon was originally constructed as a temple for all pagan gods, and was later converted into a church in AD 609. Inside, the marble floor is still the original.
Arches of Rome
Visit the ruins of the Forum Romanum and view the remains of temples, basilicas and three triumphal arches. There is little left of the first arch built in 29 BC, but the Arch of Titus is a popular must-see Rome attraction which was built in AD 81. The third is the Arch of Septimius Severus, which was built in AD 203.
Rome offers a wealth of history through the arts, museums, and historic attractions. When you arrive in Rome, don’t miss the opportunity to take it all in.